1.Artificial intelligence in healthcare: An essential guide for health leaders(PubMed)
Author : Mei Chen , Michel Decary
Abstract : Artificial Intelligence (AI) is evolving rapidly in healthcare, and various AI applications have been developed to solve some of the most pressing problems that health organizations currently face. It is crucial for health leaders to understand the state of AI technologies and the ways that such technologies can be used to improve the efficiency, safety, and access of health services, achieving value-based care. This article provides a guide to understand the fundamentals of AI technologies (ie, machine learning, natural language processing, and AI voice assistants) as well as their proper use in healthcare. It also provides practical recommendations to help decision-makers develop an AI strategy that can support their digital healthcare transformation.
2.Overcoming Constraints in Healthcare with Cloud Technology (PubMed)
Author : Anežka Hucíková , Ankica Babic
Abstract : Transitioning enterprise operations to the cloud brings a variety of opportunities and challenges. Such step requires a deep and complex understanding of all elements related to the technology as well as defining the manner in which specific cloud challenges can be dealt with. To provide a better understanding of these opportunities and challenges within healthcare, systematic literature overview and industrial cases review is used. Results of the two methods show interconnection between cloud deployment advantages and constrains. However, healthcare case studies provide interesting insights emphasizing cloud complexity and superposition which seems to balance organizational limitations.
3. Using Digital Health Technology to Better Generate Evidence and Deliver Evidence-Based Care(PubMed)
Author : Abhinav Sharma , Robert A Harrington , Mark B McClellan , Mintu P Turakhia , Zubin J Eapen , Steven Steinhubl , James R Mault , Maulik D Majmudar , Lothar Roessig , Karen J Chandross , Eric M Green , Bakul Patel , Andrew Hamer , Jeffrey Olgin , John S Rumsfeld , Matthew T Roe , Eric D Peterson
Abstract : As we enter the information age of health care, digital health technologies offer significant opportunities to optimize both clinical care delivery and clinical research. Despite their potential, the use of such information technologies in clinical care and research faces major data quality, privacy, and regulatory concerns. In hopes of addressing both the promise and challenges facing digital health technologies in the transformation of health care, we convened a think tank meeting with academic, industry, and regulatory representatives in December 2016 in Washington, DC. In this paper, we summarize the proceedings of the think tank meeting and aim to delineate a framework for appropriately using digital health technologies in healthcare delivery and research.
4. Technology integration in complex healthcare environments: A systematic literature review(PubMed)
Author : Sara Bayramzadeh , Parsa Aghaei
Abstract : To support safety and efficient care, effective integration of technology into the timepressured, high-risk healthcare environments is critical. This systematic literature review aimed to highlight the impact of technology on the physical environment as well as the facilitators for and barriers to technology integration into complex healthcare settings, including operating rooms and trauma rooms. PsycINFO, Web of Science, and PubMed databases were utilized, along with a hand search. PRISMA and MMAT guidelines were used for reporting and quality appraisal. Out of 1,001 articles, 20 were eligible. Identified categories included hybrid and integrated environments, technological ambiance, and information technologies. Technology integration has implications for direct patient care, efficiency, throughput, patient safety, teamwork, communication, and the perception of care. The facilitators for and barriers to technology integration included layout design, equipment positioning, and decluttering. The physical environment can improve the impact of technology on factors such as patient safety and efficiency.